The first endemic case of Japanese encephalitis infection this year in Pingtung County was confirmed on July 10, indicating that the disease has spread to the nation’s southernmost county.
The county’s Public Health Bureau mentioned that, the patient, a 50-year-old woman from Pingtung City, received treatment at a general ward in a Pingtung hospital. On June 12, She developed a headache on and was admitted to the emergency room of a local hospital for treatment before returning home.
She was later admitted to the hospital on June 15, after returning with a fever. On the forth day after her admission, she lost consciousness and was transferred to an intensive care ward.
On June 20, the hospital reported the case as a suspected Japanese encephalitis infection, and sent samples to a laboratory for conformation.
On Thursday, the Centers for Diseases Control (CDC) confirmed that the results were positive. The CDC disclosed that there are five new Japanese encephalitis cases in Taiwan, urging the public to take safety measures against mosquito bites and ensure that their children are vaccinated.
According to CDC statistics gathered for the week from June 30 to Monday, the five new cases included one each in Miaoli County, New Taipei City, Chiayi County, Kaohsiung and Tainan.
As of Monday, there are a total of 15 confirmed Japanese encephalitis cases in the nation, with the majority reported in southern areas.
According to CDC data, the spread of Japanese encephalitis in Taiwan occurs annually between May and October and usually spikes in June and July.
The confirmed case in Pingtung live within the 2km radius of a pig farm, and measures have been taken to remove sources of mosquitoes around the patient’s residence, the CDC said.
The CDC warned people of visiting mosquito-breeding sites at dawn and dusk, when mosquitoes are most active, adding that pigs are a common carrier of the virus and people should avoid pig farms.
Date: 2015, July 11